Good Signs

Paul of the SBT was out to Sabah in September assisting the Oxford Brookes Wildlife Conservation Unit’s Bornean Clouded Leopard Programme again, which is currently camera trapping at the Tawau Hills Nation Park. The work in the Tawau site is set to continue until spring 2014 and is yeilding some very interesting data.


Lunchtime for(L to R) Paul, Injam, Clarence & Styve.

The object of the study is to investigate the population desity of the Bornean clouded leopard on the island of Borneo, which is now recognised as a separate species to the clouded leopard found on the Asian mainland. Other felids have been caught on camera, such as the marbled cat, leopard cat and bay cat, of which states that “Fewer than 25… have ever been recorded, making it one of the rarest and least-studied cats in the world”. Not a bad result.

As for the bears, males, females and cubs have all been recorded. The Oxford cameras have some great images, which will be put online shortly. The photo below shows fresh claw marks left found on a trail on the way to a camera trap.


The fireman’s pole is not a human invention.


This site provides us with a great opportunity to compare the activity patterns of the bears there with not only bears elswhere in Borneo, but also sympatric carnivores which have yet to be studied there, such as the binturong (Arctictis binturong), also called bear cat., whoch like the sun bear, is highly arborial and has a similar diet. There’s so much yet to learn about these amazing animals, and the more we know the better they can be protected.


Sometimes quite ursine in appearance, no wonder this civet is also called a bear cat.


Head for the (Tawau) Hills!


A Wild Time

It can take hours of work just to get to check a single camera, but the images make it all worth while.

Paul’s just got back from his latest trip to represent the Sun Bear Trust in Borneo. This time he’s been assisting the Clouded Leopard Programme for the second time at the Tawau Hills National Park in a camera trap survey to help estimate the density of the clouded leopard population in the forest there.

Location of the Tawau Hills National Park

The Tawau Hills site is around 15 miles north west of the town of Tawau, which is situated on the east coast of Sabah, just north of the Indonesian border and covers an area of 108 square miles (278 square km). It is dominated by 3 “hills”: Magdelena (4,000ft), Lucia (3,900ft) and Bombalai (1,740ft). The dipterocarp forest here is full of wildlife, though it is effectively an island as it is surrounded by oil palm plantation.

SAM_0037Original image (C) Oxford Brookes University Clouded Leopard Programme

The chap above is one of a surprising number of sun bears who live in the forest at Tawau Hills. But how well are they doing and what is the population trend there? Are they in decline? This could be a very good location to begin a long term study. It would be very interesting to see how bears use this forest compared with more remote areas of forest elsewhere which are not surrounded by oil palm.

The work at Tawau was made harder by the hilly terrain and was punctuated by falling down the aforementioned hills and stumbling across poachers’ camps. However, a number of fairly good trails make the forest quite accessible and the RPIC Index (relative proximity to ice-cream) was also favourable, so we’ll be back!

Thinking of becoming a volunteer?

There’s a lot of work to be done at the bear centre this year and the help of volunteers is much appreciated. If you do come you will need somewhere to stay, but where will that be? Don’t worry, you wouldn’t be roughing it; the accommodation is actually quite reasonable. For a minimal fee you’d be living in style.

Do get in touch if you are interested in participating in our volunteer programme.

New Logo

This is the new logo for the SBCT. It’s based upon a photo I took of Natalie last year. She’s a big girl now and it was quite a moving sight to see her doing so well.  I’ll put up a picture of her soon, probably on the bearingupinborneo blog.Image

BSBCC raises sun bear’s voice where it counts

Wong Siew Te was recently invited to give a lecture to 300 people at the Lahad Datu Middle School. The town is situated near the Danum Valley Conservation Area, where  besides sun bears, a wide variety of important species may be seedn, including: orang utans, gibbons, and other primates, including the tarsier, as well as deer, wild cats, the rare Bornean Pygmy Elephant and the even rarer Sumatran rhinoceros.

Poaching is still a significant threat to wildlife in the region and many poachers continue to get away with their crimes. It was therefore a great opportunity to be able to reach out to so many young people and show them the importance of the wildlife they have on their doorstep.

Below is a posting of Wong’s account of the experience. As you will read, the sun bear is still the world’s least-known bear and this is amazingly still the case even within regions where it lives in the wild. However, you will also read how the BSBCC is doing a great job in raising awareness in the community and therefore why they so justly deserve all the support they can get.

Sun bear’s voice heard in Lahad Datu Middle School

By: Siew Te Wong

Last Wednesday I made my 14th presentations in 2011 at Lahad Datu Middle School. Wai Pak, Li (our volunteer from West Malaysia) and me left BSBCC around 9 am and arrived Lahad Datu almost at noon to deliver the 2 hours lecture on sun bears.

Lahad Datu is a small township with a population of about 180,000. I used to call this town a cowboy town because of the abundant 4×4 pickup trucks running around the town. This is the town that I am most familiar within Sabah because it is the gateway town to Danum Valley Conservation Area, the place where I spent many years studying wild sun bears and other wildlife and forest ecology in the tropical rainforest.

The entire school of Lahad Datu Middle School attended the talk on sun bear ecology and conservation.The entire school of Lahad Datu Middle School attended the talk on sun bear ecology and conservation.


The principal of Lahad Datu Middle School, Mr Chee Ah Lek called me two weeks ago asking me if I can deliver a talk on sun bear at their school. Without a second thought, I said yes. The talk was well received and attended by more than 300 students and teachers from the entire school. The title of the talk was “Sun Bear, status, ecology, and conservation in a changing landscape in Malaysia”. This talk was the second talk I delivered in Chinese this year. I always have a lot of fun talking to local school students. At the beginning of the talk I asked the students to raise their hand if they have seen a live sun bear in zoos or other circumstances. Out of more than 300 audiences, I saw about five hands. I asked them again if they have heard about sun bears. I saw about 10 hands. I am not surprise if majority of the audience have not heard about sun bear. However, I was quite concerned by knowing only 3% of the audience, especially high school students, knew about sun bear which is the only bear species and a large carnivore in this country. In the Malaysian education system, topics on our own wildlife species, forest, and other natural resources are rarely incorporate in the school curriculum. Take me as an example, I never heard the word “Dipterocarp” until I was 25 year old when I worked with Malaysian Nature Society, a local conservation NGO, in 1994. “Dipterocarp” or “Dipterocarp forest” is the proper name of our forest in Malaysia where the dominant tree species in this forest are from the tree family Dipterocarpaceae. We still have a long way to go to educate our younger generation on our wildlife and forest resources.




I tried my best to deliver an interesting and attractive talk on the topic to the students. Actually it was not a difficult task for me to do so during this talk. There were a lot of “Waa” “Yee” “Ooh” and giggles throughout the talk every time I showed photos of sun bears: sun bear with long tongue, sun bear on top of a tall tree, cute sun bear baby, or a decapitated sun bear. At the very end of the talk I showed a video clip that I made few weeks ago “Big tree, little bear, and tiny termites” and explain the relationship among them. Tiny termites feed on trees, trees provide food and shelters for the sun bears, and in return sun bears feed on termites and keep the termite colonies in healthy level. The second video I showed was the promo video of Beartrek. Filmed on 2007, Beartrek featured several bear stories across the world including my story with sun bear in the forest. At that time I was still on a lonely crusade to study sun bear and to help conserving them.

Pricipal Chee presented me a momento for the lecture in his school. Thank you Mr Principal!Pricipal Chee presented me a momento for the lecture in his school. Thank you Mr Principal!

I am grateful to Principal Chee to give me this opportunity to talk about sun bear to the students. I am sure the students learn a lot and have a lot of good time during this talk. One thing that I learned from this talk is that we need to do more similar talks on sun bear and other education outreach programs to other schools. These education programs aim to raise awareness among the younger generations in this country to value our sun bear, other wildlife and forest resources. They need to know the fact that “what is good for bears is good for us too!”

If you would like to get involved in spreading the sun bear conservation message in the UK or represent a group which would like to learn more about sun bears then please get in touch.